Museum Island is the name of an island that can be found in the middle of the Spee River in the Mitte District of Berlin. The island is placed on the area that was once the old city of Colln. Museum Island actually derives its name from the five international museums that are found all within the northern part of the island area. Most of these museums are Berlin state museums and the entire museum complex was added to the UNESCO world culture sites list in the year 1999. The main museums that can be explored throughout the island include:
Bode Museum: This museum that was opened in 1904 has a wide selection of sculptures, antiques and art from the byzantine era.
The old national Gallery was completed in the year 1876 and it contains a number of 19th century art works including designs by Friederich August Stuler.
The Pergamon Museum is one of the earliest museums in the area constructed in the year 1930. It includes the Ishtar gate of Babylon as well as the restored Pergamon Altar.
The new museum was first finished in the year 1859 and rebuilt in the year 2009. This is a museum of ancient history that houses many Egyptian artifacts.
The old Museum or Altes Museum was completed in 1830 and it houses a number of the rarest artworks in Berlin.
The story of this island was that it was originally created as a residential area and eventually would be dedicated to art and science by King Frederick William IV in 1841. Museum collections and new galleries continued to be added as part of the Prussian cultural heritage foundation mandate.
As Prussian collections continued to grow the idea was eventually to turn Museum island into a museum complex that could compete with large-scale facilities like the Louvre. With pledges from the government as well as other private donors, Museum Island has continued to expand through new projects and efforts being taken on every year.