Prague Castle is a Castle complex that’s located in the Czech Republic that dates back to the ninth century. Prague Castle is still the official residence of the Pres. of the Czech Republic and the Castle has always served as a seat of power. Some of the original residents for the castle were the kings of Bohemia as well as the president of Czechoslovakia and Holy Roman Empire’s. Inside the castle within a hidden room are the Bohemian crown jewels.
In the Guinness Book of World Records Prague Castle stands as the largest ancient castle in the world. The interior square footage is over 750,000 ft.². The castle remains one of the most widely visited sites in all of Prague and nearly 2,000,000 visitors visit this area annually.
The very first building in this complex was erected in the year 870. The first structure was the church of the Virgin Mary as well as the Basilica of St. George. Other religious sites including the Basilica of St. Vitus were also added later on. The first convent of Bohemia resided within the castle walls near the church of St. George and a Romanesque style palace was eventually constructed inside the walls within the 12 century.
In the 14th century the defenses and fortifications were rebuilt for the Palace to produce a large Gothic church and housing area. The castle had to be rebuilt several times due to fire and wire.
The last version of the castle rebuild was completed by Empress Maria Theresa and it took place in the later half of the 18th century. Today there are four main churches, four main palaces and five major halls that make up the whole of the castle grounds. There are also viewing opportunities through the four main towers across the castle grounds and many gardens to explore.